The main theme of the “Life with bears – 26th International Conference on Bear Research and Management” is human-bear coexistence in human dominated and politically fragmented landscapes. Specific conference topics are designed in a way to welcome recent research results, technical advances, and case studies on a wide spectrum of issues relevant to ensuring a long-term coexistence of bears and humans. We invite you to contribute to achieving this overarching goal by sharing your research or management story at the conference.
Bear ecology and behaviour
Spatial requirements and demographic characteristics of bear populations
Molecular genetics in bear conservation and management
Human-Bear Interactions and conflict management including problem bear management
Cons and pros of artificial feeding & impacts of other anthropogenic food sources on bears
Public outreach, communication, and community-based conservation of bears
Working with people to achieve bear conservation goals
Use of bears in ecotourism
Ex situ conservation
Bears and climate change
GUIDELINES FOR PRESENTERS
Please note: all presenters must be registered for the conference. All accepted abstracts will be published in the Book of abstracts.
You are welcome to use our conference logotypes for your oral or poster presentations:
Oral presentation guidelines
Oral presentations should last no more than 10 minutes. Additional 5 minutes are planned for questions and change-over. Session chairs will be very strict with the time schedule. Presentation slides should be preferably in PowerPoint – if you need another software for your presentation you should contact us as soon as possible. All presentations should be in Windows/PC environment. Mac equipment will NOT be available. The file name of the presentation should adhere to the following standards: IBA_Ljubljana_Unique Identifier. For instance: IBA_Ljubljana_65. You will be notified about your presentation Unique Identifier. You must hand your presentation to the technical assistant at least 24 hours before your scheduled slot.
Speed talk guidelines
Speed talk should last no more than 7 minutes. Additional 3 minutes are planned for questions and change-over. Session chairs will be very strict with the time schedule. Presentation slides should be preferably in PowerPoint – if you need another software for your presentation you should contact us as soon as possible. All presentations should be in Windows/PC environment. Mac equipment will NOT be available. The file name of the presentation should adhere to the following standards: IBA_Ljubljana_Unique Identifier. For instance: IBA_Ljubljana_65. You will be notified about your presentation Unique Identifier. You must hand your presentation to the technical assistant at least 24 hours before your scheduled slot.
Poster presentation guidelines
- Maximum allowed width of the poster is 90 cm. Portrait (vertical) orientation is recommended.
- Important information should be readable from about 3 meters away
- Title should be short and draw interest
- Word count of about 300 to 800 words
- Text should be clear and to the point
- Use of bullets, numbering, and headlines makes it easy to read
- Effective use of graphics, color and fonts
- Acknowledgments, your name and institutional affiliation should be included
Workshops at the 26th IBA conference “Life with bears” are aimed at encouraging interaction and discussions among participants, transposing of new (or wrapping up old) ideas, views and topics, relevant for either research or management of bears.
The main theme of the Ljubljana IBA conference is human-bear coexistence in human dominated and politically fragmented landscapes, therefore the topics of the workshop that are directly or indirectly related with this main theme.
Note that workshops are available only to the registered conference participants. You can register here for the conference.
Conference participants can register for up to two (out of four) workshops as they are organized in two parallel sessions.
Workshop session no. 1 – Monday, Sep. 17th 2018, 7:00 pm – 09:10 pm
1. Joining forces - how to make ex situ research more available and beneficial for in situ conservation of brown bears
2. Developing guidelines for monitoring bears in the human-dominated and politically fragmented landscapes of Southeast Asia
Workshop session no. 2 – Friday, Sep. 21st 2018, 3:50 pm – 5:50 pm
1. Bear personalities – Implications of among-individual behavioral variation and how to quantify them
2. Implementing robust and cost-effective genetic monitoring of brown bear population size
- Submission period opens: 1. 12. 2017
- Submission closes: 15.3. 2018
- EXTENDED DEADLINE FOR ABSTRACT SUBMISSION: 15.4.2018!
- Acceptance letter: 1. -15. 5. 2018
- Early registration deadline: 10. 7. 2018
- Conference dates: 16. 9. – 21. 9. 2018
Andrés Ordiz is a biologist born in Asturias, northern Spain. Since 1997, he has worked with large carnivores, mainly brown bears and wolves, in southern and northern Europe. He completed his PhD in Conservation Biology at the Norwegian University of Life Sciences and the University of León (Spain), working with the Scandinavian Brown Bear Research Project. Andrés’ has focused his work in the last decade on brown bear behavioural reactions to human activities and on inter-specific interactions between apex predators (bears and wolves). He hopes that scientifically-sound research will be the base for conservation-oriented management of large carnivores, both in areas where their populations are currently increasing and where they are still in the brink of extinction.
Since 1981 Djuro Huber is conducting a brown bear study in Croatia, which in 1996 expanded to the “Study of large carnivores in Croatia” and included bear, wolf and lynx. In addition to radio-telemetry, many morphological, physiological, nutritional and genetic aspects are included in the research. So far he was conducting 18 different projects and published 165 scientific papers. He is member of all relevant national and international professional organizations like IUCN SSGs for Bears, Canids, and Veterinary Medicine, International Association for Bear Research and Management, Large Carnivore Initiative for Europe, Wildlife Disease Association. Djuro Huber is currently professor emeritus at Biology Department of the Veterinary Faculty in Zagreb.
John Linnell is a senior researcher at the Norwegian Institute for Nature Research, based in Trondheim, Norway. His research focus adopts multiple disciplinary approaches to understand the complex relationships between humans and wildlife, with a special focus on large carnivores and large herbivores. He has worked on research and conservation projects in many parts of Europe, including Scandinavia, the Baltic States and the western Balkans, as well as south America (Brazil), and central (Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan) and southern Asia (India and Myanmar). His research focus is currently moving from the study of human wildlife conflicts to the study of human wildlife coexistence, with a focus on exploring the ecological, institutional and social factors that allow wildlife and humans to share space in multi-use landscapes.
Tom S. Smith
Dr. Tom S. Smith began a career in bear biology in 1992 when hired as a research ecologist for Katmai National Park, Alaska. Research topics at the time included brown bear ecology, human-bear interactions and bear safety research. Working jointly with Dr. Stephen Herrero, Smith has co-authored papers on human-bear conflict including the efficacy of bear deterrents and histories of bear conflict in North America. In the early 2000s, as a USGS research scientist, Smith began work with polar bears, focusing on denning ecology and human-bear interactions on Alaska’s North Slope. Working closely with Polar Bears International, his studies of denned polar bears continues to present. Most recently, he has been studying sloth bear-human conflict in India with colleagues at India’s Wildlife SOS. Smith currently serves as a member of the Polar Bear Conflict Work Group and as a professor of wildlife at Brigham Young University, Utah.
Wildlife conservation, applied research and management are the main interests of Valeria Salvatori. She has worked in international environments collaborating with foreign research institutes since 1992, gathering working experience in South America, Africa, Central and Western Europe. Spatial analyses of environmental processes, mainly wildlife management, policies and conflicts between wildlife and local communities are the subjects of her latest working activities. She has extensive experience in evaluating, elaborating and managing LIFE projects on large carnivores. She acted as project coordinator for the following LIFE projects: LIFE COEX, LIFE ARCTOS, LIFE IBRIWOLF, LIFE MEDWOLF and provided consultancy for LIFE WOLFALPS. Her current position at Istituto di Ecologia Applicata in Rome, Italy is project responsible for the service contract with the EU for establishing local stakeholder platforms for promoting coexistence with large carnivores.
Rachel is the Director of Conservation Outcomes with the International Union for Conservation of Nature’s (IUCN) Species Survival Commission (SSC). She has been working with the SSC for over 9 years, managing this unique and exceptional network (of approx. 7,000 volunteer experts) to reduce the loss of biodiversity on earth and prevent species extinctions. The extraordinary potential of the SSC to have a significant impact on species conservation at the global scale is often mooted, but has never been measured or evaluated. For example, would bear conservation be any different if the Bear Specialist Group had never been established? With these questions in mind, the SSC is now looking to better evaluate its effectiveness, not only to better celebrate successes but to create a more positive vision to drive our conservation efforts in the future.
CALL FOR WORKSHOP PROPOSALS
Call for proposals for workshops! The Scientific Committee of the 26th IBA Conference “Life with bears”, which will be held this year (2018) in Ljubljana (Slovenia) is soliciting proposals for workshops. Workshops are aimed at encouraging interaction and discussion among participants, transposing of new (or wrapping up old) ideas, views and topics, relevant for either research or management of ursids. The main theme of the Ljubljana IBA conference will be human-bear coexistence in human dominated and politically fragmented landscapes, therefore we encourage the topics of the workshop that are directly or indirectly related with this main theme. If you would like to organize a workshop, please submit your proposal with the following content up to the June 1st 2018 :
- Title of the workshop
- Contact person of the group of organizers of workshop (including his/her email address and telephone number)
- Main and specific goals of the proposed workshop
- (Optionally) A list of the proposed keynote speaker(s), including name and affiliation
- Abstract of the workshop clearly describing the content
- Expected duration of the workshop (in minutes)
Please note that you will be able to edit your submission up until the deadline date (June 1st 2018). The deadline will not be extended. All proposals of the workshops will be evaluated by Congress Scientific Committee. Organizing Committee of IBA Conference will inform all organizers of workshops if their topics was selected or not by June 15th . SUBMIT YOUR PROPOSAL HERE!
Local organizing committee
- Chair person: Aleksandra Majić Skrbinšek, researcher at Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana
- Co-chair: Urška Marinko, researcher at Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana
- Co-chair: Rok Černe, project coordinator and senior advisor at Slovenia Forest Service
- Co-chair: Klemen Jerina, professor at Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana
- Ivan Kos, professor at Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana
- Franc Kljun, technician at Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana
- Hubert Potočnik, researcher at Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana
- Maja Jelenčič, researcher at Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana
- Tomaž Skrbinšek, assistant professor at Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana
- Irena Kavčič, researcher at Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana
- Miha Krofel, assistant professor at Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana
- Danijel Borkovič, technician at Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana
- Tomaž Berce, independent advisor at Slovenia Forest Service
- Matej Bartol, advisor at Slovenia Forest Service
- Matija Stergar, senior advisor at Slovenia Forest Service
- Marko Jonozovič: head of department at Slovenia Forest Service
- Meta Mavec: technician at Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana
- Urša Fležar – researcher at Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana
- Dejan Bordjan – researcher at Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana
- Patricia Graf – researcher at Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana
- Jernej Javornik – PhD student at Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana
- Clara Tattoni – researcher at Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana
- Maja Sever – advisor at Slovenia Forest Service
- Marjeta Konec – researcher at Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana
- Barbara Boljte – technician at Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana
- Jernej Javornik – PhD student at Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana
- Bojana Lavrič – project manager, Slovenia Forest Service
- Nina Šivec Novak – project administrator at Slovenia Forest Service.
- Nives Pagon – advisor at Slovenia Forest Service
Scientific programme committee
- Committee coordinator: Aleksandra Majić Skrbinšek, University of Ljubljana, Biotechnical Faculty, Biology Department, Ljubljana, Slovenia
- Alexandros A. Karamanlidis, ARCTUROS, Civil Society for the Protection and Management of Wildlife and the Natural Environment, Aetos, Greece & Rewilding Europe, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
- Anja Molinari Jobin, Italian Lynx Project, Tarvisio, Italy
- Claudio Groff, Servizio Foreste e Fauna – Provincia Autonoma di Trento, Italy
- Đuro Huber, Biology Department, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zagreb, Croatia
- Frank T. van Manen, U.S. Geological Survey, Northern Rocky Mountain Science Center, Interagency Grizzly Bear Study Team, Bozeman, Montana, USA
- Ivan Kos, University of Ljubljana, Biotechnical Faculty, Biology Department, Ljubljana, Slovenia
- Georg Rauer, Research Institute of Wildlife Ecology, University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Austria
- Klemen Jerina, University of Ljubljana, Biotechnical Faculty, Forestry Department, Ljubljana, Slovenia
- Marta De Barba, Univ. Grenoble Alpes, Univ. Savoie Mont Blanc, CNRS, LECA, 38000 Grenoble, France
- Martyn Obbard, Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry, Peterborough, Ontario, Canada
- Miha Krofel, University of Ljubljana, Biotechnical Faculty, Forestry Department, Ljubljana, Slovenia
- Seth Wilson, W.A. Franke College of Forestry & Conservation – University of Montana, Missoula, MT, USA and Northern Rockies Conservation Cooperative, Jackson, WY, USA
- Slaven Reljić, Biology Department, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zagreb, Croatia
- Rok Černe, Slovenia Forest Service, Ljubljana, Slovenia
- Tomaž Skrbinšek, University of Ljubljana, Biotechnical Faculty, Biology Department, Ljubljana, Slovenia
Conference information and programme
Sunday, September 16, 2018 (Pre-conference day)
- IBA board meeting
- BARTREK documentary screening
- Evening welcome reception – Icebreaker
Monday, September 17, 2018
- Opening scientific sessions
- Workshop 1 and workshop 2
Tuesday, September 18, 2018
- Scietific sessions
- Student’s Lunch
- Poster session
- Public presentation in the evening
- Bear friendly market
Wednesday, September 19, 2018
- Conference excursions
- BSG business meeting in the evening
Thursday, September 20, 2018
- Scientific sessions
- Gala dinner event
- Silent auction
Friday, September 21, 2018
- Scientific sessions
- Workshop 3 and Workshop 4
- Closing of the conference
Venue of the 26the IBA conference “Life with bears” will be The Grand Hotel Union in Ljubljana. Set in a privileged central location close to the Old Town, it is the largest convention hotel in Ljubljana. Built in 1905 in the Art Nouveau style, it combines elegance and a long-term tradition in hosting successful events and prominent guests. With an exclusive location in the heart of the city is overlooking the central Prešeren Square, the Triple Bridge and eying the Ljubljana Castle. The Hotel is easily accessible from all major highways, the railway station, the main bus station and the Ljubljana Airport. The hotel has 21 conference halls and salons, with capacity starting from 10 to up to 850 participants. It also offers a secured parking garage with 120 parking spaces.
ICEBREAKER – 16th September
The first opening event of 26th IBA conference “Life with bears” will be Icebreaker hosted by Švicarija located in the main Ljubljana Park Tivoli. Švicarija is described as a place with soul and a rich history that goes back to the year 1835, so we are very pleased to present it to our conference participants and their accompanying persons. Recently the house of Švicarija was renovated and therefore revived. It offers excellent coffee and delicious bread, music and dance events in the immediate vicinity of the centre of Ljubljana, in the park Tivoli, overlooking towards Ljubljana Castle.
The event will start at 6 p.m. on Sunday 16th September 2018
BEARTREK documentary – 16th September
You are invited to a screening of BEARTREK documentary that follows renowned bear biologist and conservationist Chris Morgan on a global crusade to four continents to understand and conserve the rarest bears on earth. BEARTREK was born on the back of motorcycle. A decade ago, British ecologist Chris Morgan set out on a mission to discover and protect the world’s most loved – and often feared – carnivore. Incredibly moved, Chris became determined to educate people about the basic truth he had discovered: what’s good for bears is good for people and the planet.
BEARTREK documents his motorcycle odyssey to some of the wildest places on earth – from the biggest bears on earth, to the smallest. Showcasing beautiful cinematography and driven by stories of individuals who have devoted their lives to protect these magnificent creatures.
Watch the BEARTREK trailer.
Sunday, September 16 at 2.00 pm at Kinoteka, Miklošičeva cesta 28, 1000 Ljubljana
Limited spaces available, please book your seat here.
BEAR-FRIENDLY MARKET – 18th September
Bear friendly label was designed within LIFE DINALP BEAR project to award practices that use appropriate conflict mitigation measures and promote coexistence between bears and humans. Bear friendly practices include effective protection of livestock, beehives and orchards or active promotion of bear conservation with different bear souvenirs. Bear friendly market provides conference participants with an opportunity to meet bear friendly ambassadors and support their contribution to bear conservation by purchasing local bear friendly products.
Market will open at 5 p.m. on Thursday 18th September 2018 in Grand Foyer of The Grand Hotel Union. Visitors that are not attending the conference please use entrance from Nazorjeva ulica 2 (Nazorjeva street 2).
PUBLIC PRESENTATION »Polar bears and the changing Arctic« by Andrew E. Derocher – 18th September
Both conference delegates and interested public are invited to attend this exceptional evening event.
Polar bears captivate the public like few other species: a white bear that lives in a frozen world. Capable of enduring months of total darkness during the frigid polar night and then the searing brightness of the midnight sun through the brief Arctic summer, polar bears have become the poster species for climate change. Unlike other bears that have seen massive habitat loss in the last century, habitat loss as a threat to polar bears only emerged as the climate has warmed. As a habitat specialist relying on sea ice, polar bears are best viewed as a marine mammal dependent on access to the blubber of seals to survive. This hugely rich energy source allows the bears to live a life of feast and famine. Polar bears have become an “inconvenient species” because the threat to them is so easy to understand but so difficult to fix: without sea ice, there are no ice bears.
Andrew Derocher is originally from Vancouver, Canada and completed a B.S. in Forest Biology (Hon.) at the University of British Columbia before migrating to Edmonton where he obtained a M.Sc. and Ph.D. in Zoology from the University of Alberta. After graduating, he worked with Environment Canada and then was the polar bear research scientist at the Norwegian Polar Institute (1996-2002) living north of the Arctic Circle in Tromsø before returning to Canada to his current position as a Professor of Biological Sciences at the University of Alberta. He is the past-chairman of the IUCN/SSC Polar Bear Specialist Group and a member since 1996. His research over the past 35 years has focused on polar bears in the Canadian Arctic, western Russia, and Svalbard, Norway. Dr. Derocher has published over 130 peer-reviewed papers on polar bears. He is the author of Polar Bears: A Complete Guide to their Biology and Behavior published in 2012 by Johns Hopkins University Press. For more information about Andrew and his work check his web page and follow his Twitter account.
Public presentation will start at 8 p.m. on Tuesday 18th September 2018 in the Union Hall of the Grand Hotel Union. Visitors that are not attending the conference please use entrance from Nazorjeva ulica 2 (Nazorjeva street 2).
GALA DINNER – 20th September
The main social event of IBA conferences is Gala dinner which will be hosted by Grand Hotel Union, Hotel & Conference Centre. The hotel build in Art Noveau style, first opened its doors in 1905 as a first modern hotel in Ljubljana at the time. Today, this 4-star hotel and conference centre offers an exclusive accommodation in the heart of the city centre, overlooking Prešeren Square, the Triple Bridge and the Ljubljana Castle. Gala dinner will be prepared by the team of the hotel’s Head Chef, Janez Dolšak. Their culinary story is built by using local and fresh ingredients, combining them to create a unique gourmet experience. The unique culinary delight is wrapped up with a variety of Slovenian wines and beautifully presented desserts, made in the hotel confectionery.
Cultural program of this event should remain a secret until the dinner…
The gala dinner event will start at 7.30 p.m. on Thursday 20th September 2018 in the Union Hall of The Grand Hotel Union.
SILENT AUCTION – 20th September
During the conference IBA students raise money for student conference activities via a Silent Auction.
So, as you are packing for the IBA conference please remember to bring an item for the Silent Auction. Items that are unique and/or locally made in your country/region are usually the most coveted items by bidders. Items tend to be bear-related but outdoor gear, services, and other items are also welcome.
Please do not bring bear parts and check to make sure item/contents is not banned from import/export (e.g. wood, rock, alcohol) before bringing them.
Also don’t forget to bring some money to bid on items to support the students
The Silent auction will be organized during Gala dinner on 20th September 2018 in the Union Hall of The Grand Hotel Union
How to get to Ljubljana castle
Both conference delegates and accompanying persons appreciate having the chance to get to know the conference host city or country better, especially if visiting for the first time. Please check out for the CONFERENCE TOURS tailored for conference participants and accompanying persons. Accompanying persons are the people who accompany the participants at the conference. Accompanying persons do not follow the technical program of the conference and they will be offered their own daily program from Pre and Post Conference tours .
LJUBLJANA - WALKING TOUR AND BOAT RIDE
The old city centre has a unique architectural appearance, particularly due a felicitous combination of Baroque and Art Nouveau architecture and masterful creations by the 20th century architect Jože Plečnik. A tourist boat, departing from one of the city centre piers, takes you on a ride under several of Ljubljana’s famous bridges. * In case of adverse river conditions, the boat ride is cancelled and the tour is conducted entirely on foot. Duration: 2 hours including a half an hour boat ride. Included: Guide, boat ride along the Ljubljanica River. Specials: camera, walking shoes. Price: ?; valid for a minimum of 35 persons, included in the accompanying person registration fee.
BLED - BOHINJ
Two exquisite glacier lakes glitter in the green valleys of the Slovenian Alps. We will visit Bled, mundane resort with an eminent medieval castle and a romantic island in the lake. Lake Bohinj lies in a tranquil and pristine valley in the Triglav National Park. A pleasant walk to the Savica Waterfall completes our memorable day. An ‘Image of Paradise’, as it is often described, Bled has been attracting visitors with its breathtaking beauty for centuries. The calm and inviting waters of its lake spurred the tradition of making the typical ‘pletna’ boats back in the 12th century. We will board one of these wooden beauties to reach the island, with its romantic church and mysterious wishing bell. Sightseeing in Bled continues with a visit to the impressive castle, perched on a cliﬀ high above the lake. We will roll back time in its museum, and enjoy the unforgettable view of the surroundings. Surrounded by alluring summits, the Bohinj Valley charms visitors with its inspiring scenery, crystal clear lake waters and the harmonious coexistence of man and nature. The picturesque lakeside boasts the frescoes of Church of St. John the Baptist. You will have time to discover the legend of Zlatorog (Goldhorn), enjoy a stunning view over Mount Triglav and try the hearty local cuisine. To experience a bit of trekking, we end the day with an enjoyable 20-minute hike to the beautiful Savica Waterfall, thundering from a high rocky cliﬀ, and enjoy a rewarding view of the Lake. Duration: Full day Included: Transport, guide, admission to Bled Castle and Savica Waterfall, ‘pletna’ ride to the island, admission to the church on Bled Island, lunch and glass of wine or soft drink Specials: camera, walking shoes. Price: 60 – 70 EUR; valid for a minimum of 35 persons.
UNESCO HERITAGE AND LIPIZZAN HORSES
In the southwestern part of Slovenia lies a unique area called Kras (Karst). We will visit the surprisingly beautiful Škocjan Caves, and fnish our journey in Lipica – home of the (world’s) famous white Lipizzan horses. Lipica Stud Farm is the cradle of the Lipizzaners, the noble white horses. Breeding began 400 years ago to meet the exclusive needs and demands of the Habsburgs. A local guide will show you around the estate; you will see the whole array of magnificent animals – uncertain dark foals, gentle mares, and proud stallions capable of performing the most amazing fgures of the Spanish Riding School. The excellence of the Lipizzaners can be admired at their show, in which they astonish the audience with a sophisticated performance accompanied by classical music. Škocjan Caves Park includes a characteristic and unique karst region where the one-stop shop of karst features. Together with a system of caves, collapsed dolines and individual cultural monuments Park makes up a typical karst “architecture”. Special climatic conditions in the valleys and at the entrances of caves as a conduit and intertwining of both Alpine and Mediterranean ﬂora. Unique plant and animal species cohabiting in an extremely small space, giving this area a significant biodiversity. An experienced guide will take you through the caves, which are decorated with stalactites Radiant. Duration: Full day Included: Transport, guide, admission to stud farm, entrance to Škocjan Caves, lunch and glass of wine or soft drink Specials: camera, walking shoes Price: ?
CERKNICA LAKE AND KRIŽNA CAVE
Cerknica Lake has no surface outﬂow; all the water seeps underground and surfaces as the Rak River in the Rakov Škocjan Valley. Cerknica Lake is a part of the karst river system of the Ljubljanica River – a river that bears seven diﬀerent names altogether. After visiting Museum of Lake Cerknica you will take a ride to the Lake by typical carriage – “lojtrnik”. Križna Cave is one of the most interesting caves in the world. It lies in the east of the park and it has 22 underground lakes through which the waters from the Bloke Plateau ﬂow. This cave is famous for its unique cave fauna and as an archaeological site where cave bear remains have been found. Its features are underground lakes with sinter’s barriers and an extremely interesting site with bines of bears, along with the naturally preserved environment for animals. The length of all passages is over 8 km (6 miles). Air temperature inside the cave is constant through the whole year +80C. The cave ranks as the fourth in the world by the number of genuine cave animal species (44 diﬀerent species). Duration: Full day Included: Transport, guide, admission to Museum of Lake Cerknica, drive with a “lojtrnik”, entrance to Križna cave, lunch and glass of wine or soft drink Specials: camera, walking shoes, jacket Price: ?